United States Patent No. US7841989B2
ELECTROMAGNETIC PERSONNEL INTERDICTION CONTROL METHOD AND SYSTEM
Inventors : Karl F. Kiefer, Conroe, TX (US); Kevin Champaigne, Conroe, TX (US); Gulnara Ajupova, Conroe, TX (US)
Date of Patent, when application granted: November 30, 2010
A non-lethal and non-destructive electromagnetic personnel interdiction control stun type weapon system and method utilizes beamed radio frequency energy in a frequency range and modulated to impose a Lorentz force on the vestibular system or sensory cells of a remote human subject sufficient
to disrupt the mechanical transduction process and/or the chemical engine by which sound, position and other sensory input are converted to messages by nerve cells and processed by the brain to produce complete disorientation, confusion, and incapacitation sufficient to temporarily render the subject powerless to resist arrest or subjugation. Removal of the electromagnetic energy leaves the nerve cells and surrounding tissues with no damage and second order effects of severe motion sickness and psychological effects of helplessness remains until the Subject’s body chemistry returns to normal.
United States Patent No. US20210105435A1
HUMAN-LIKE EMULATION ENTERPRISE SYSTEM AND METHOD
Inventors : Kurtis John Ritchey, Kenneth Ira Ritchey ( US )
Date of Patent, when application granted:
An enterprise system and method for maintaining and transitioning humans to a human-like self-reliant entity is presented. Said system including at least one a biological, biomechatronic, and mechatronic entity with a biological or artificial neural network to at least one transform or maintain. Embodiments are provided to assist in the transition of human between a biological state to a bio-mechatronic and mechatronic entity. Said entity’s biological, biomechatronic, and mechatronic subsystems are configured to communicate and interact with one another in order for said enterprise system to manage, configure, maintain, and sustain said entity throughout the entity’s life-cycle. Subsystem embodiments and components supported by the enterprise system are presented.
FIELD OF INVENTION
This invention relates to a human-like emulation enterprise 1 system and method for building, maintaining, and transferring perceptions between a human 2 biological and a related human-like bio-mechanical and mechanical system. For instance recent improvements in enterprise architecture, business systems, artificial neural network mimicking systems, nano technology, metamaterials, 3d printing, 5G computing, quantum safe computing, and fusion reactor electrical power generation systems are incorporated into the present invention. Additionally, the fields of neurology, biology, biometric sensor engineering, prosthetic devices, implants, augmented cognition, whole brain emulation, computer science, artificial intelligence, machine learning, deep learning, statistical analysis, fast fusion computer processing, panoramic imaging, surround audio, sub-vocalization, computer simulation, geospatial information, telecommunications, Internet search engines and social media, robotics, body modification, body worn, surgically implanted, and body mounted devices are relevant to the present invention.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
A human-like emulation enterprise system and method for building, maintaining, and transferring perceptions between a human biological and related human-like bio-mechanical 6 and mechanical system that facilitates human-like life extension that mimics the human biological parent has not been designed. Instead only components to form an enterprise have been developed. Additionally, a number of technologies that enable an enterprise have not been incorporated into an enterprise system and method for building, maintaining, and transferring perceptions between a human biological and related human-like bio-mechatronic and mechatronic systems that facilitates human-like life extension that mimics the human biological parent. For instance, recent improvements in enterprise architecture, brain activity sensing systems, artificial neural network mimicking systems, 3d printing, Nano technology, 5G computing, quantum safe computing, and fusion electrical power generation systems have not been incorporated into a human-like emulation enterprise.
A human-like emulation enterprise system and method for maintaining and transitioning humans to a supplementary adaptable sentient human-like self-reliant entity is claimed. Said system including at least one a biological, bio-mechatronic, and mechatronic entity with at least one natural or artificial neural network to maintain. Embodiments are claimed that assist in the transition of humans between a biological, bio-mechatronic, and mechatronic entity and vice versa. Said entity biological, bio-mechatronic, and mechatronic subsystems are configured to communicate and interact with one another in order for said enterprise system to manage, configure, maintain, and sustain said entity throughout its collective life-cycle. Also claimed are embodiments with human-like general intelligence, super-intelligence, general physical, and super-physical capabilities. Enterprise system solutions are claimed that address system and design engineering, personal, cultural, societal, political, economic, geospatial, injustice, inequality, and environmental issues.
OBJECT OF THE INVENTION
It is therefore an objective of the present invention to develop a family of related personal assistant methods and systems that contribute to an Neural Correlates of Consciousness (NCC) relational database of information, knowledge, and artifacts that define and enable an entity’s biological, bio-mechatronic, and mechatronic survival and operation in various environments needed to perform various tasks. In the present invention relational data base derived from brain activity sensing and processing can be considered an artifact or a collection of artifacts. The relational data base derived and updated in a biological system, a biomechatronic system, a mechatronic entity or personal digital assistant can be considered to produce artifacts. For example, brain activity sensing system data of a subscriber, video footage of what subscriber is seeing, or processed data that comprises subscriber’s relational database are artifacts. And to replicate the personal complexities of a specific person so that a biological, bio-mechatronic, or mechatronic entity may replicate a person to a degree that the recipient biological system can operate as a personal assistant to the user or allows the user to continue on as an emulation of the parent user after his or her natural biological death. And allows the reconstitution of a like injured, degraded, or destroyed entity that is either a biological, bio-mechatronic, or mechatronic system. And also provides a standard for human interaction and communication between a single or plural number of humans and machines that are biological, bio-mechatronic, or mechatronic systems.
Given the above it is also an objective of the present invention to provide a human-like entity that will overcome human limitations such as expensive heath care, criminality, resource requirements, environmental footprint, inherent physical constraints, and cognitive limitations. And finally an objective to consider the limitations the present invention with respect to privacy concerns, computer technology shortcomings, and consider human-like entity’s with artificial intelligence impact on mankind.
United States Patent No. US11055356B2 ( 45 )
MOBILE USER BORNE BRAIN ACTIVITY DATA AND SURROUNDING ENVIRONMENT DATA CORRELATION SYSTEM
Inventors : Kurtis John Ritchey, Leavenworth, KS ( US ); Kenneth Ira Ritchey, Leavenworth, KS ( US )
Date of Patent, when application granted: July 6, 2021
A mobile user borne brain activity data and surrounding environment data correlation system, comprising a brain activity sensing subsystem, a recording subsystem, a measurement computer subsystem, a user sensing subsystem, a surrounding environment sensing subsystem, a correlation subsystem, a user portable electronic device, a non – transitory computer readable medium, and a computer processing device. The mobile user borne system collects and records brain activity data and surrounding environment data and statistically correlates and processes the data for communicating the data into a recipient biological, mechatronic, or bio – mechatronic system. …
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
It is an objective of the present invention to facilitate recording and translating the uniqueness of a subject’s brain and the subjects corresponding brain activity. …
It is an object of the present invention to correlate repeated recordings and loggings of user physiological activity (i.e. user brain activity, sub-vocal imitations, etc.) with recordings and loggings of the surrounding environmental activity (i.e. panoramic video images of gaze of the user upon a subject, etc.) to build an esemplastic patterned language using the present invention. The computerized logging and assistance system that forms the present invention thus yielding a representation of the consciousness and understanding of the world from the given point-of-view of the being, whose information is operated upon. …
An example of a brain activity sensing system, providing enabling technology incorporated into the present invention, is a portable Magnetic Resonance Imaging device such as one according to the Atomic Magnetometer Sensor Array Magnetic Resonance (AMR) Imaging Systems and Methods. Recently, portable Atomic MR systems, such as those described in U.S. Patent Publication 2009/0149736, dated 11 Jun. 2009 by Skidmore et al. and U.S. Patent 2010/0090697, dated 15 Apr. 2010 by Savukov, have been disclosed that are of a type compatible with and enabling of the present invention. Further, John Kitching, a physicist at the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Boulder, Colo. has developed tiny (grain of rice size) atomic magnetic sensors of a type compatible for use in the present invention.
Still alternatively, U.S. Patent Application 2010/0042011, dated 18 Feb. 2010, by Doidge et al. entitled “Three-dimensional Localization, Display, Recording, and Analysis of Electrical Activity in the Cerebral Cortex” discloses a computerized Dynamic Electro-cortical Imaging (DECI) method and apparatus for measuring EEG signatures of the brain in real time. The DECI system and method is portable and can be worn by the user to generate dynamic three-dimensional (voxel) information of the electrical activity occurring in the cerebral cortex of the brain. The DECI system is of a type that may be incorporated in the present invention to provide brain activity information according to the present invention. …
An object of the present invention is to provide imagery and audio of the subject of the CP [conscious percept] and surrounding environment that is correlated to brain activity, which can be queried by a user of the invention from logged information recorded by the invention, which is more complete and accurate than what the brain remembers. A monocular or binocular camera system may be incorporated into the present invention. But preferably, a camera system with stereoscopic capability is incorporated.… Panoramic stereoscopic cameras are also more preferable … . Still alternatively, eye-in and eye-on contact lenses may include cameras for recording and displaying imagery according to the present invention. For example, a camera device that is mounted on and/or inside the eye is disclosed in US Patent 20090189974 A1, by Michael F. Deering, dated 30 Jul. 2009, entitled Systems Using Eye Mounted Displays (EMD). Deering describes a still and/or video camera could be placed directly on the eye mounted display, worn on or in the user’s eye(s). …
Correlation processing of information from the portable brain activity sensing system, surround video logging system and other sensing systems is a key part of the present invention. Post processing of sensor data includes noise filtering of brain activity data, transmitted from the brain activity sensor system, such as an AMR or other internal biometric or physiological sensor system. And also includes post processing of external data representing the surrounding environment recorded by devices such as panoramic video. … Computer software and firmware of a type that is incorporated into the present invention to filter data and make correlations between brain pattern data and video is disclosed in U.S. Patent 2009/0196493, dated 6 Aug. 2009, by Widrow et al. entitled Cognitive Method and Auto-Associative Neural Network Based Search Engine for Computer and Network Located Images and Photographs. …
Interactive computer machine assist and learning systems are incorporated in the present invention to assist the host in command and control of the logging and memory system. Once neural correlates are identified using technologies specifically described in the preceding paragraph the information is referenced by artificial intelligent (AI) and AI like systems to form an enduring cognitive assistant for the user or another client in the present invention. An AI computer hardware and software of a type that may be integrated with the present invention is the Cognitive Agent that Learns and Organizes (CALO), developed by SRI between 2003 and 2008. CALO is a PC based cognitive software system that can reason, learn from experience, be told what to do, explain what they are doing, reflect on their experience, and respond robustly to a client’s specific commands or based on a client’s repeated actions when using the CALO system. …
Direct sensing and stimulation of existing brain cells to drive the data logging and memory enhancement system is an objective of the present invention. …
Biological material grown in vitro or ex vitro, containing data and/or information derived from operating the present invention may be implanted in the same or a different recipient. Additionally, logged data, derived according to the present invention, may be incorporated into a genetically modified organism (GMO) or genetically engineered organism (GEO is an organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques). These techniques, generally known as recombinant DNA technology, use DNA molecules from different sources, which are combined into one molecule to create a new set of genes. This DNA is then transferred into an organism, giving it modified or novel genes. Transgenic organisms, a subset of GMOs, are organisms which have inserted DNA that originated in a different species. In such an instance, additional and enhanced sensor systems, embedded communication devices, disease resistance, hostile environment survival capabilities, and superior brain and muscle strength may be engineered into the DNA …
Nanobots may be also be introduced into the brain of a recipient with data and/or information derived from operating the present invention. The data and/or information may be introduced in order to reintroduce lost memory to a prior user or add a new memory to a new user. A recipient’s implanted data and/or information may be derived from another user. Incorporating programmable nanobots and computer electronic interfaces with brain tissue are additional methods of sensing brain activity and introduce information, derived from queries in the present invention, into the brain is a further objective of the present invention. It is there for an objective of the present invention to record and incorporated information that has been logged or derived from data logged using the present invention such that it may be placed in storage and then loaded into nanobots and the nanobots targeted to replace neurons in the brain. Additionally, nanobots may be introduced into the brain to block neural connections to inhibit or allow information, formulated by the video logging and memory enhancement system according to the present invention. Nanobot technologies of a type compatible with and integrated into the present invention include those described in the Internet video entitled “Nanobot Replacing Neurons 3D Animation” by email@example.com dated Jun. 6, 2011. The host computer or a server may be used to transmit electronic signatures thru electrodes or light fibers into the brain of the user. The stimulants may represent feedback responses to information queries conducted by the user of the present. Machine interfaces to brain tissue that are of a type compatible with and integrated into the present invention include: U.S Patent Application Publication 2003/0032946 A1, dated 13 Feb. 2003 by Fisherman et al. entitled “Artificial Synapse Chip Interface for Electronic Prosthetic Retina”. It is also an object of the present invention to disclose sensor methods and systems according to the present invention that may be interfaced with audio, electro-optical, and other sensors directly with body tissues according to the Fisherman ‘946 patent. …
An integrated human and machine portable data logging and memory enhancement method and system are provided for interactive input/output, storage, processing, and display. More specifically, a device for the input of human signatures from physiological and biometric sensors representing a person’s internal state of being while simultaneously inputting signatures representing the external environment around the same human at a given time and place are correlated into a historical relational database. The device includes real-time query means of the stored historical relational database for identifying correlations between current internal and external signatures of the human as the human moves through space and time. …
OBJECT OF THE INVENTION
It is therefore an objective of the present invention to overcome the limitations of the above referenced and any non-referenced prior art in the related classes and subclasses. Scientific studies show that images a person recalls in his or her imagination is not always as detailed or nearly as accurate as a photographic image. It is an objective of the present invention to provide a higher resolution and more complete record of a beings thoughts and their environment than the mind of a typical person remembers by providing a human portable physiological (internal body) and surrounding world (external to the body) life logging correlation, recall, and query system. It is therefore an objective to allow the logged information to be operated upon by the person, recording the information, another person, or a machine….
In the present invention, low-resolution images generated from electrodes that are part of a brain activity sensing system may be correlated to subjects the user focuses upon in the surrounding environment that are higher resolution recorded by the surround video system. Then when the user recalls the subject matter at a later date the higher resolution images logged in and correlated are retrieved from system memory of the host computer to assist the user in remembering the subject in greater detail than he can remember in his mind. It is therefore an objective of the present invention to provide a clearer, more detailed method and system to call up detailed images based upon brain activity. For instance, images recorded in the daytime by the panoramic camera in the present invention and overlay them over a darkened space using augmented reality (AR) may be used to help the user navigate a space in the dark. Or alternatively, to help the user remember the audio and imagery of his or her Mom, who died when the user was a young person. Still alternatively, an Alzheimer’s patient may use the historical audio and imagery to remember or restore their memory. Or still alternatively, to simply provide a system where persons can review their history by operating the present invention to search for an item they lost, such as their car keys or keys to their house….
It is an objective of said logging system to facilitate a method of communication between humans and/or machines by using computers to translate data derived from said logging system. It is an objective of said logging system to provide a method wherein said user activates a host computer (i.e. smartphone) to turn on a brain activity sensing system, surround sensing system, and correlation system; brain activity sensing system and surround sensing system activated to transmit respective signatures to correlation system; and correlation system operated to identify neural correlates of consciousness in the form of conscious percepts. It is an objective of said logging system to operate upon signatures from a physiological and biometric sensor system (i.e. brain activity sensor) representing a user’s internal state of being at a given time and place are input to a correlation system; while simultaneously signatures representing the external environment presented to a person (i.e. via an audio-visual sensor system) are also input to the correlation system; wherein the correlation system operates to receive internal and external signatures and determines relationships between said internal and external signatures to define NCCs [Neural Correlates of Consciousness] and CPs from said signatures, which form a historical database, which is stored as a relational database; and at time two query said historical relational database to find correlations between current internal and external signatures; and read in said historical information from resulting from the query into said host computers memory (i.e. smartphone) via at least one user input device (i.e. SIRI voice response to a user query) to enhance a user’s thoughts and memory based on at least one occasion that took place at a given historical instance at a given place and time….
It is also an objective of said invention to provide a system and method to provide a system wherein signatures of at least one the surrounding environment or the individuals brain activity are input into a computer simulation system; and an objective to provide a system wherein a user wears an input device and takes the form of an avatar to interact within the computer simulated environment; and an objective to provide a system wherein at least one subject in the simulation operates upon an artificial intelligence software application; and an objective to provide a system wherein a robot or cyborg is loaded with at data derived from at least one user brain activity sensing system, a surround sensing system, or correlation system; and an objective to provide a system wherein a being or machine is loaded with data, derived from at least one user brain activity sensing system, a surround sensing system, or correlation system; … .
It is an object of the present invention to record memories and thought processes and it provides several methods for passing memory and thought processes to beings and machines. It is also an objective of the present invention to enable synthesizing thoughts formed, and memories from, a plurality of beings or machines that may be placed together to form the collective memory for a being or machine, or a combination thereof in the form of a computerized database. For instance, the thoughts, thought processes, and/or memories of all Nobel Prize winners may be collectively gathered and joined using the present invention. The present invention enables near perfect recall. It is also an objective to extend the mortality of humans, machines, or a combination thereof, by extending their consciousness and memory beyond their natural body or machine lifespan via mind, body, and machine replication, implantation, substitution. …
It is also an object of the present invention to provide a system and method for incorporating computer processing to identify the above-mentioned brain activity, identifying brain cells with related neural activity, identifying and relating the focus of the user’s attention to brain cells and brain activity patterns, the formation of new brain cells when new brain cells are formed relative to a given time and location, given the overall physiology of the user. An objective of the present invention is to not only log information, but to also operate on the information to provide user feedback, memory enhancement, and subsequent replication of a recipient user. It is also the objective of the present invention to provide a system include a person to person conscious percept translation system and method; and a person to machine or machine person to conscious percept translation module. …
It is also an objective of the present invention be primarily interactive, portable, and hands-free. It is also objective that the present invention be compatible and optionally include voice synthesis, wake-up features, sub-vocal recognition, neural activity sensing, panoramic audio-visual sensing, stereoscopic capability, multiple ROI processing and readout, on chip processing, infrared sensors, target tracking, eye tracking, gaze tracking, and touch sensing and various interactive sensory feedback hardware with computer software/firmware applications for input, display, processing, and feedback. It is also an objective of the present invention that the smartphone comprises user interactive input and presentation system for controlling the brain activity sensing system, a surround sensing system, and a correlation system; wherein the smartphone includes a software application that comprises an Internet search engine that communicates over a telecommunication system and network over which in information derived by the invention may be processed and shared among users of the search engine; and wherein the smartphone includes a software application that is part of a social network on the Internet over which at least brain activity information, surround sensing, or correlated data derived from the invention may be processed and shared among users of the social network….
It is an object of the present invention to provide a system and method that integrates into a self-contained life support system like an astronaut suite, scuba gear, fireman, or combat soldier wears in a hazardous environment. …
It is an object of the present invention to provide a user system and method wherein at least some portion of said information logged and derived by said system is introduced to stimulate existing cells or stem cells that have been implanted into a target being. It is also an objective of the present invention is to implant electronic devices such as microchips and nanobots to sense, stimulate, and test existing brain activity before, during, and after information derived from the present invention is introduced to a recipient user….
United States Patent No. US4877027A
Inventors : Wayne B. Brunkan (US)
Date of Patent, when application granted: October 31, 1989
Sound is induced in the head of a person by radiating the head with microwaves in the range of 100 megahertz to 10,000 megahertz that are modulated with a particular waveform. The waveform consists of frequency modulated bursts. Each burst is made up of ten to twenty uniformly spaced pulses grouped tightly together. The burst width is between 500 nanoseconds and 100 microseconds. The pulse width is in the range of 10 nanoseconds to 1 microsecond. The bursts are frequency modulated by the audio input to create the sensation of hearing in the person whose head is irradiated.
This invention relates to a hearing system for human beings in which high frequency electromagnetic energy is projected through the air to the head of a human being and the electromagnetic energy is modulated to create signals that can be discerned by the human being regardless of the hearing ability of the person.
THE PRIOR ART
Various types of apparatus and modes of application have been proposed and tried to inject intelligible sounds into the heads of human beings. Some of these have been devised to simulate speech and other sounds in deaf persons and other systems have been used to inject intelligible signals in persons of good hearing, but bypassing the normal human hearing organs.
U.S. Pat. No. 3,629,521 issued Dec. 21, 1971 describes the use of a pair of electrodes applied to a person’s head to inject speech into the head of a deaf person. An oscillator creates a carrier in the range of 18 to 36 KHz that is amplitude modulated by a microphone.
Science magazine volume 181, page 356 describes a hearing system utilizing a radio frequency carrier of 1.245 GHz delivered through the air by means of a waveguide and horn antenna. The carrier was pulsed at the rate of 50 pulses per second. The human test subject reported a buzzing sound and the intensity varied with the peak power.
Similar methods of creating “clicks” inside the human head are reported in I.E.E.E. Transactions of Biomedical Engineering, volume BME 25, No. 3, May 1978.
The transmission of intelligible speech by audio modulated Microwave is described in the book Microwave Auditory Effects and Applications by James C. Lin 1978 publisher Charles C. Thomas.
BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
I have discovered that a pulsed signal on a radio frequency carrier of about 1,000 megahertz (1000 MHz) is effective in creating intelligible signals inside the head of a person if this electromagnetic (EM) energy is projected through the air to the head of the person. Intelligible signals are applied to the carrier by microphone or other audio source and I cause the bursts to be frequency modulated. The bursts are composed of a group of pulses. The pulses are carefully selected for peak strength and pulse width. Various objects, advantages and features of the invention will be apparent in the specification and claims.
United States Patent No. US4858612A
Inventors : Philip L. Stocklin (US)
Date of Patent, when application granted: August 22, 1989
A method and apparatus for simulation of hearing in mammals by introduction of a plurality of microwaves into the region of the auditory cortex is shown and described. A microphone is used to transform sound signals into electrical signals which are in turn analyzed and processed to provide controls for generating a plurality of microwave signals at different frequencies. The multifrequency microwaves are then applied to the brain in the region of the auditory cortex. By this method sounds are perceived by the mammal which are representative of the original sound received by the microphone.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
1. Field of the Invention
This invention relates to devices for aiding of hearing in mammals. The invention is based upon the perception of sounds which is experienced in the brain when the brain is subjected to certain microwave radiation signals.
2. Description of the Prior Art
In prior art hearing devices for human beings, it is well known to amplify sounds to be heard and to apply the amplified sound signal to the ear of the person wearing the hearing aid. Hearing devices of this type are however limited to hearing disfunctions where there is no damage to the auditory nerve or to the auditory cortex. In the prior art, if there is damage to the auditory cortex or the auditory nerve, it cannot be corrected by the use of a hearing aid.
During World War II, individuals in the radiation path of certain radar installations observed clicks and buzzing sounds in response to the microwave radiation. It was through this early observation that it became known to the art that microwaves could cause a direct perception of sound within a human brain. These buzzing or clicking sounds however were not meaningful, and were not perception of sounds which could otherwise be heard by the receiver. This type of microwave radiation was not representative of any intelligible sound to be perceived. In such radar installations, there was never a sound which was generated which resulted in subsequent generation of microwave signals representative of that sound.
Since the early perception of buzzing and clicking, further research has been conducted into the microwave reaction of the brain. In an article entitled “Possible Microwave Mechanisms of the Mammalian Nervous System” by Philip L. Stocklin and Brain F. Stocklin, published in the TIT Journal of Life Sciences, Tower International Technomedical Institute, Inc. P.O. Box 4594, Philadelphia, Pa. (1979) there is disclosed a hypothesis that the mammalian brain generates and uses electro magnetic waves in the lower microwave frequency region as an integral part of the functioning of the central and peripheral nervous systems. This analysis is based primarily upon the potential energy of a protein integral in the neural membrane.
In an article by W. Bise entitled “Low Power Radio-Frequency and Microwave Effects On Human Electroencephalogram and Behavior”, Physiol. Chemistry Phys. 10, 387 (1978), it is reported that there are significant effects upon the alert human EEG during radiation by low intensity CW microwave electromagnetic energy. Bise observed significant repeatable EEG effects for a subject during radiation at specific microwave frequencies.
Results of theoretical analysis of the physics of brain tissue and the brain/skull cavity, combined with experimentally-determined electromagnetic properties of mammalian brain tissue, indicate the physical necessity for the existence of electromagnetic standing waves, called modes in the living mammalian brain. The mode characteristics may be determined by two geometric properties of the brain; these are the cephalic index of the brain (its shape in prolate spheroidal coordinates) and the semifocal distance of the brain (a measure of its size). It was concluded that estimation of brain cephalic index and semifocal distance using external skull measurements on subjects permits estimation of the subject’s characteristic mode frequencies, which in turn will permit a mode by mode treatment of the data to simulate hearing.
This invention provides for sound perception by individuals who have impaired hearing resulting from ear damage, auditory nerve damage, and damage to the auditory cortex. This invention provides for simulation of microwave radiation which is normally produced by the auditory cortex. The simulated brain waves are introduced into the region of the auditory cortex and provide for perceived sounds on the part of the subject.
United States Patent No. US3951134A
APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR REMOTELY MONITORING AND ALTERING BRAIN WAVES
Inventors : Robert G. Malech
Date of Patent, when application granted: April 20, 1976
Apparatus for and method of sensing brain waves at a position remote from a subject whereby electromagnetic signals of different frequencies are simultaneously transmitted to the brain of the subject in which the signals interfere with one another to yield a waveform which is modulated by the subject’s brain waves. The interference waveform which is representative of the brain wave activity is re-transmitted by the brain to a receiver where it is demodulated and amplified. The demodulated waveform is then displayed for visual viewing and routed to a computer for further processing and analysis. The demodulated waveform also can be used to produce a compensating signal which is transmitted back to the brain to effect a desired change in electrical activity therein.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
Medical science has found brain waves to be a useful barometer of organic functions. Measurements of electrical activity in the brain have been instrumental in detecting physical and psychic disorder, measuring stress, determining sleep patterns, and monitoring body metabolism.The present art for measurement of brain waves employs electroencephalographs including probes with sensors which are attached to the skull of the subject under study at points proximate to the regions of the brain being monitored. Electrical contact between the sensors and apparatus employed to process the detected brain waves is maintained by a plurality of wires extending from the sensors to the apparatus. The necessity for physically attaching the measuring apparatus to the subject imposes several limitations on the measurement process. The subject may experience discomfort, particulary if the measurements are to be made over extended periods of time. His bodily movements are restricted and he is generally confined to the immediate vicinity of the measuring apparatus. Furthermore, measurements cannot be made while the subject is conscious without his awareness. The comprehensiveness of the measurements is also limited since the finite number of probes employed to monitor local regions of brain wave activity do not permit observation of the total brain wave profile in a single test.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to apparatus and a method for monitoring brain waves wherein all components of the apparatus employed are remote from the test subject. More specifically, high frequency transmitters are operated to radiate electromagnetic energy of different frequencies through antennas which are capable of scanning the entire brain of the test subject or any desired region thereof. The signals of different frequencies penetrate the skull of the subject and impinge upon the brain where they mix to yield an interference wave modulated by radiations from the brain’s natural electrical activity. The modulated interference wave is re-transmitted by the brain and received by an antenna at a remote station where it is demodulated, and processed to provide a profile of the suject’s brain waves. In addition to passively monitoring his brain waves, the subject’s neurological processes may be affected by transmitting to his brain, through a transmitter, compensating signals. The latter signals can be derived from the received and processed brain waves.
OBJECT OF THE INVENTION
It is therefore an object of the invention to remotely monitor electrical activity in the entire brain or selected local regions thereof with a single measurement.
Another object is the monitoring of a subject’s brain wave activity through transmission and reception of electromagnetic waves.
Still another object is to monitor brain wave activity from a position remote from the subject.
A further object is to provide a method and apparatus for affecting brain wave activity by transmitting electromagnetic signals thereto.